Bipolar disorder is a kind of mental illness that results in extreme mood shifts ranging from manic highs to depressives lows. A patient can go through multiple episodes of highs and lows marked by dramatic swings during the disorder. It is a kind of disease that is also known as manic depression or manic-depressive illness. A person suffering from bipolar disorder witnesses unusual activity levels, mood swings, and energy levels. A patient also feels low on concentration and ability to perform and manage everyday life tasks.
There are mainly three types of bipolar disease – Bipolar I Disorder, Bipolar II Disorder, and Cyclothymic Disorder. All three types involve the episodes of the shift in mood, activity level, and energy for a different period of time. Bipolar II and the cyclothymic disorder usually last longer than Bipolar I disorder but do not need diagnostic requirements necessarily. The person with the symptoms of bipolar I disorder immediate medical care in a hospital for treatment.
Cause of Bipolar Disorder
The exact cause and reason behind the bipolar disease are not known yet. Many studies indicate that it could be a combination of many factors such as genetic, biological, or environmental. Neurotransmitters or hormones play a crucial role in maintaining chemical balance in our brain and any alteration there can cause different symptoms of bipolar disorder. Some life events such as trauma, stress, loss, and abuse can also affect the brain structure and trigger episodes of bipolar disorder.
Signs and Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder
People suffering from the bipolar disease can encounter different mental as well as physical changes during the period. Mood swings, behavioral instability, psychological phenomenon, weight gain or loss, and sleeping disorder are some common problem during a bipolar disorder condition. A bipolar disorder patient can witness different kinds of signs and symptoms throughout but, the main three symptoms associated with bipolar disease are depression, mania, and hypomania.
Symptoms of Mania and Hypomania
- During these conditions, a person may feel or engage in the following behavior:
- High on emotion
- The feeling of excitement, impulsiveness, and euphoria
- Full of energy
- Drug use
- Spending sprees
- Unprotected sex
These symptoms in hypomania are not as severe as in mania and a patient may not feel much trouble while carrying out everyday life tasks at work, school, or office.
Symptoms of Depression
- Deep sadness
- Loss of energy
- Lack of interest
- Sleep disorder
- Suicidal thoughts
There are many ways to treat different types of bipolar disorder in different patients as per their conditions. Any mental health services for bipolar disorder can recommend medications, psychotherapy, sleep medications, supplements, electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), or acupuncture therapy depending on how severe your symptoms of bipolar disorder. Different therapy sessions are recommended to stabilize mood through various techniques.
You should contact a professional and reputed facility that offers mental health services for bipolar disorder with expertise in different kinds of therapy and medication practices. Proper treatment can help you manage your mood and behavior to cope with the above-mentioned symptoms.
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